Article III of the U.S. Constitution provided the outline of the judicial branch of government.
The Judiciary Act of 1789 established a federal court system.
The Judiciary Act of 1801 reorganized the federal judiciary and established the first circuit judgeships.
The Judiciary Act of 1802 reorganized the federal courts following repeal of the 1801 act.
Establishment of the Seventh Circuit and a seventh seat on the Supreme Court.
Establishment of the Eighth and Ninth Circuits and additional seats on the Supreme Court.
Establishment of a California Circuit.
Establishment of a Tenth Circuit and a tenth seat on the Supreme Court.
Reorganization of the judicial circuits and reduction in the size of the Supreme Court.
Establishment of circuit judgeships and setting the number of the Supreme Court seats at nine.
Authorization for the federal courts to exercise the full jurisdiction allowed under the Constitution.
Establishment of the U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeals.
Abolition of the U.S. Circuit Courts as part of the recodification of laws relating to the federal judiciary.
Establishment of the Conference of Senior Circuit Judges (later the Judicial Conference of the United States).
The Judges' Bill expanded the jurisdiction of the Courts of Appeals and allowed the Supreme Court to determine many of the cases it would hear.
Division of the Eighth Circuit and establishment of a Tenth Circuit.
Establishment of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts.
Establishment of the Federal Judicial Center.
The Federal Magistrates Act.
Establishment of U.S. Bankruptcy Courts.
Division of the Fifth Circuit and establishment of an Eleventh Circuit.
Establishment of the Federal Circuit.