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Probation & Pretrial Services

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February 14, 2019
Kate Desmond, Keith Murphy, Mark A. Sherman, Alisha Moreland-Capuia

On this episode of Off Paper, host Mark Sherman talks to Dr. Alisha Moreland-Capuia, Kate Desmond, and Keith Murphy, who work together on the Multnomah County Department of Community Justice’s Smart Supervision Project—an effort to gather and use neuroscientific, culturally specific, trauma-informed research and information in the department’s work.

August 9, 2018
Mark A. Sherman, Brad Whitley, Scott VanBenschoten, Jonathan Hurtig, John E Bentley

Over the last several years, the federal probation and pretrial services system has shifted its focus from being primarily concerned with monitoring and ensuring the compliance of individuals on pretrial release, probation, or post-incarceration supervised release, to primarily seeking to reduce recidivism by using evidence-based practices in supervision. The probation and pretrial services system helps individuals under community supervision change their behavior to reduce their risk of recidivism through a framework of principles known as the Risk-Need-Responsivity model, or RNR.

June 20, 2018
Mark A. Sherman, Matt DeLisi, Katherine Tahja, Michael Elbert

In this episode of Off Paper, Chief Elbert, Assistant Deputy Chief Katherine Tahja (S.D. Iowa), and Professor Matthew DeLisi of Iowa State University discuss the work of the Chiefs Research Group, research projects currently underway in several districts, and the role of empirical research generally in federal probation and pretrial practice.

April 5, 2018
Mark A. Sherman, Douglas Burris

This episode of Off Paper is a conversation with Doug Burris about innovation and leadership in the criminal justice system. Mr. Burris has served for 17 years as the Chief U.S. Probation Officer for the U.S. District Court in the Eastern District of Missouri.

February 12, 2018

Thinking for a Change is one of several cognitive behavioral interventions used by federal probation and pretrial services offices to help clients succeed during and after supervision and thus reduce recidivism.  Officers volunteer to facilitate the intensive 13-week program, and most find that their time and energy commitments are more than worth it. The Eastern District of Wisconsin Probation Office adopted T4C, as it’s often called, in 2012 and now has more than two dozen officers trained as facilitators.

October 30, 2017

With the goal of fostering stronger cooperation between the Hawaiian federal and state judicial systems when dealing with the concurrent supervision of offenders, the United States Probation Office for the District of Hawaii, the Adult Client Services Branch of the Hawaii Judiciary, and the Hawaii Paroling Authority entered into the attached Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). 

October 19, 2017
Mark A. Sherman, Christine Dozier, Cherise Fanno Burdeen

The Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits the government from requiring a criminal defendant to pay "excessive bail" in order to get out of jail before trial. Nevertheless, nearly half a million people across the country are in pretrial detention. The collateral consequences of detention can affect a defendant's employment status, housing situation, and mental health, among other facets of his or her life.

October 19, 2017
Mark A. Sherman, Christine Dozier, Cherise Fanno Burdeen

The Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits the government from requiring a criminal defendant to pay "excessive bail" in order to get out of jail before trial. Nevertheless, nearly half a million people across the country are in pretrial detention.

May 16, 2017
Mark A. Sherman, Peter Luongo

Chronic substance use and mental health disorders are common problems for individuals in the criminal justice system. Alone or together, and sometimes in conjunction with other risk factors, these disorders can drive behavior that results in violation of supervision conditions or even in new criminal conduct. To deal with these problems, probation and pretrial offices services offices in the nation’s 94 U.S. district courts maintain contracts with treatment providers. Sometimes these offices can also supplement contract services with community-based treatment.

April 13, 2017
Mark A. Sherman, Kathryn N. Nester, Maureen Scott Franco

Holistic defense is also called community-oriented defense, therapeutic defense, or holistic advocacy. Whatever the name, its purpose is to solve underlying social and environmental problems that may have contributed to an individual's involvement in crime. It does this by emphasizing teamwork, partnerships with other criminal justice stakeholders, and identification and mitigation of collateral consequences. By doing this, defense attorneys hope to improve public safety by helping clients avoid involvement in the criminal justice system and reducing recidivism.

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