This form is for a consent order of return. It sets forth precise dates and times for the child to be transported back to the habitual residence along with standard boilerplate provisions directing law enforcement’s assistance in enforcing the order.
Judge James Garbolino has prepared the attached sample order for this website. The sample order does not represent official policy or recommendations of the Federal Judicial Center.
How do I determine whether the treaty is “in force” between the U.S. and the other country involved?
The issue whether the Convention is “in force” between states can be complex. There are differences between the processes by which a state can be bound by the treaty, specifically between those who are “member states” and those who become “party states.” Member states are those states that were members of The Hague Conference on Private International Law at the time of adoption of the Child Abduction Convention at the 14th Session in 1980.
The United States ratified The Hague Convention with a reservation as to Article 26 relating to legal representation. Because of this reservation, U.S. courts are not required to appoint counsel to represent parties in Convention cases. Nor is the federal government required to assume any costs or expenses resulting from the participation of attorneys or from court proceedings in Hague Convention cases.
The 1980 Hague Convention requires that each signatory nation designate a Central Authority to assist in carrying out duties concerning the operation of the Convention.1 In the United States, the Central Authority is the U.S. State Department, Office of Children’s Issues.2
How do I evaluate the assertion that the child objects to return?
Article 13 of the Convention states that a court “may refuse to order the return of the child if it finds that the child objects to being returned and has attained an age and degree of maturity at which it is appropriate to take account of its views.” The party resisting return must prove this defense by a preponderance of the evidence.1