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Federal Judicial History

The Center conducts research and produces resources on the history of the judicial branch of the federal government.  These resources include compilations of historical data on the courts, information about judges and judicial administration, as well as publications on federal judicial history. The Center also maintains a biographical directory of Article III judges from 1789 to the present, engages in outreach and education on federal judicial history, and works to promote the preservation of the history of the judicial branch.

Twitter Feed (@FedJudicialHist)

  • President John Adams announced to Congress #OTD in 1798 that the Eleventh Amendment had become part of the Constitution (although it had been ratified in 1795); amendment removed suits "against one of the United States by Citizens of another State" from judicial power of U.S.
    2 weeks 20 hours ago
  • Chief Justice William Rehnquist and Associate Justice Lewis Powell took the oath of office for #SCOTUS #OTD in 1972; last time two justices joined the Court on the same day
    2 weeks 1 day ago
  • The U.S. Circuit Court and U.S. District Court for the District of Utah were established #OTD in 1896 upon the admission of #Utah as a state
    2 weeks 5 days ago
  • Levi Lincoln, Attorney General under Jefferson, was confirmed to #SCOTUS #OTD in 1811 but declined due to poor health; the Senate then rejected Alexander Wolcott & John Q. Adams was confirmed but declined before Joseph Story was appointed to the seat
    2 weeks 5 days ago
  • In the Judicial Code of 1911, Congress abolished the U.S. circuit courts effective January 1, 1912, leaving the U.S. district courts as the sole trial courts of the federal judiciary
    2 weeks 6 days ago