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Court Structure

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July 19, 2017

Some of the nation's top legal scholars discuss the U.S. Supreme Court's 2016–2017 term and analyze the decisions that are most likely to affect the work of federal judges. Among the decisions discussed will be those involving the First, Fourth, and Fifth Amendments as well as criminal law and procedure, patent law, and the federal courts.

April 4, 2016

This brief paper, using two sample courts, explains court staff structure, the number and types of positions, and the titles and roles of individuals working in federal courts. 

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January 1, 2005
Russell R. Wheeler, Cynthia E. Harrison

This booklet explains the provisions of the 1789 Judiciary Act and the compromises it embodies, reviews the evolution of the federal judicial system during the nineteenth century, and analyzes the conditions and debates that led to the passage of the Evarts Act in 1891, which established the three-tiered system that characterizes federal court structure today, and briefly reviews 20th century developments that help account for today's federal judicial system. It also includes twelve maps that illustrate the growth and evolution of the districts and circuits from 1789 to the present.

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January 1, 2002
Elizabeth C. Wiggins, Judith A. McKenna

Under the current bankruptcy appellate system, appeals from dispositive orders of bankruptcy judges are taken to the district court or to the bankruptcy appellate panel, if one has been established and the district has chosen to participate, with further appeal as of right to the court of appeals.

January 1, 2000
Elizabeth C. Wiggins, Judith A. McKenna

Under the current bankruptcy appellate system, appeals from dispositive orders of bankruptcy judges are taken to the district court or to the bankruptcy appellate panel, if one has been established and the district has chosen to participate, with further appeal as of right to the court of appeals.

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January 1, 1994
Russell R. Wheeler, Cynthia E. Harrison

The authors explain the provisions of the 1789 Judiciary Act and the compromises it embodies, review the evolution of the federal judicial system during the nineteenth century, and analyze the conditions and debates that led to the passage of the Evarts Act in 1891, which established the three-tiered system that characterizes federal court structure today. The publication includes twelve maps that illustrate the growth and evolution of the districts and circuits from 1789 to the present.

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January 1, 1989
Russell R. Wheeler, Cynthia E. Harrison

A historical survey published in connection with the bicentennial year of the First Judiciary Act, signed September 24, 1789. The text explains the provisions of the 1789 statute, the compromises it embodies, and the conditions and debates that led to the passage of the Evarts Act in 1891, which established the three-tiered system that characterizes federal court structure today. The publication is illustrated by 12 maps that describe the growth and evolution of the districts and circuits.

June 1, 1974
Denise Bonn

In 1975, the Commission on Revision of the Federal Court Appellate System, chaired by Senator Roman L. Hruska, recommended to the Congress, the President and Chief Justice of the United States that the geographical boundaries of the Fifth and Ninth Circuits be altered to create four circuits. This would be only the second time that the geographical boundaries would be altered since the creation of the then-existing federal circuit court system in 1891. The previous alteration was in 1929 when the Tenth Circuit was created from the then-U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.

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January 1, 1973

A detailed listing of books, articles, and other research dealing with the operation of the appellate courts in general and reform of practices and procedures in particular.

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