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Reports & Studies

Below is a list of a number of past published studies conducted by the Research Division. Some Center reports are not published or made publicly available due to restrictions in place from the source of the research request. Most research reports can be downloaded and in some instances, a hardcopy publication can be requested. See also Manuals, Monographs, & Guides.

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Title Datesort ascending
Attitudes of United States Judges Toward Limitation of Oral Argument and Opinion-Writing in the United States Courts of Appeals

The results of a survey undertaken for the Commission on Revision of the Federal Court Appellate System, in which the attitudes of federal judges regarding appellate oral argument and opinion-writing practices were explored. The author concludes that judges are more satisfied with truncated procedures in the appellate courts than are lawyers; lawyers would opt for more judges and courts to ease the burden on court dockets.

January 1, 1975
Structure and Internal Procedures: Recommendations for Change

The FJC is the repository for publications of the Commission on Revision of the Federal Court Appellate System and has available a limited number of copies of the commission's report: Structure and Internal Procedures: Recommendations for Change (1975). Transcripts of the hearings before the commission in its first phase (one volume) and second phase (two volumes) are available only on loan. The Geographical Boundaries of the Several Judicial Circuits: Recommendations for Change (1973)

January 1, 1975
Forecasts of Case Filing Volumes in the Federal District Courts

The goal of this study was forecasts of case filing volumes in federal district courts. The effort was interdisciplinary involving statisticians, computer scientists, political scientists, lawyers, and economists. The study was developed by Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories, under contract to the Federal Judicial Center.

December 1, 1974
Geographical Division of the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals: An Historical Analysis

In 1975, the Commission on Revision of the Federal Court Appellate System, chaired by Senator Roman L. Hruska, recommended to the Congress, the President and Chief Justice of the United States that the geographical boundaries of the Fifth and Ninth Circuits be altered to create four circuits. This would be only the second time that the geographical boundaries would be altered since the creation of the then-existing federal circuit court system in 1891. The previous alteration was in 1929 when the Tenth Circuit was created from the then-U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.

This historical analysis was prepared as background material for the Commission, and is still considered by many to be the definitive work on the division of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eight Circuit. The analysis describes events surrounding the 1929 change, and discusses motivating issues that recurred during the debate of the mid-1970's.

June 1, 1974
Report on Legal Research Practices in Three Federal Courts and Possible Computer Applications To Those Practices


February 15, 1974
Developments in Judicial Administration: A Five-Year Summary

This brief report highlights modernizing developments in the state and federal judiciaries during the period 1970 to 1974, and reflects the Center's responsibility to promote and encourage judicial improvement.

January 1, 1974
The Second Circuit Sentencing Study: A Report to the Judges of the Second Circuit

The report on a sentencing experiment that revealed substantial disparity in determining both the need for incarceration and the lengths of prison terms to be imposed. Matters of disparity and the effects of particular case characteristics are discussed.

January 1, 1974
Courtran II: An Assessment of Applications and Computer Requirements


January 1, 1974
Attorney Attitudes Toward Limitation of Oral Argument and Written Opinion in Three U.S. Courts of Appeals

A report prepared for the Commission on Revision of the Federal Court Appellate System

January 1, 1974
Guidelines for Pre-Recording Testimony on Videotape Prior to Trial [Superseded]

These guidelines were first devised for a pilot project in four U.S. District Courts to evaluate the use of videotape, and to develop rules and procedures for the future use of videotape in the courts. The graphics in this publication are crude, hand drawn figures.

Superseded by Guidelines for Pre-Recording Testimony on Videotape Prior to Trial, Second Edition (1976).

January 1, 1974