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Federal Judicial History

The Center conducts research and produces resources on the history of the judicial branch of the federal government.  These resources include compilations of historical data on the courts, information about judges and judicial administration, as well as publications on federal judicial history. The Center also maintains a biographical directory of Article III judges from 1789 to the present, engages in outreach and education on federal judicial history, and works to promote the preservation of the history of the judicial branch.

Twitter Feed (@FedJudicialHist)

  • A grand jury in the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia (now the U.S. District Court for D.C.) indicted Charles Guiteau for the assassination of President James Garfield #OTD in 1881; learn more about the case:
    1 week 6 hours ago
  • Congress reunited #SouthCarolina as a single judicial district #OTD in 1965; had been divided into Eastern and Western Districts since 1912
    1 week 1 day ago
  • President Lyndon B. Johnson withdrew the nominations of Abe Fortas to be Chief Justice of #SCOTUS and of Judge Homer Thornberry of the Fifth Circuit to replace Fortas as Associate Justice #OTD in 1968 after congressional opposition
    1 week 4 days ago
  • #DYK? U.S. attorneys were commonly referred to as "district attorneys" until the Judicial Code of 1948 formalized their current title; learn more about the history of the office:
    1 week 5 days ago
  • President George Washington, at the request of Congress, sent copies of the Bill of Rights to each of the states for ratification #OTD in 1789; included provisions on search & seizure, self-incrimination, speedy trial, jury trial, cruel & unusual punishment and others
    1 week 6 days ago