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U.S. Circuit Courts, 1801-1802: Records and Bibliography

Official Records

The records of the U.S. Circuit Courts are among Record Group 21 at the National Archives regional locations:

First Circuit: National Archives at Boston (
Second Circuit: National Archives at New York City (
Third Circuit: National Archives at Philadelphia (
Fourth Circuit: National Archives at Philadelphia (
Fifth Circuit: National Archives at Atlanta (
Sixth Circuit: National Archives at Chicago (

A guide to the holdings of the regional archives is available at:

A published description of the records is also available in the Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States, 1995 (


Fish, Peter Graham. Federal Justice in the Mid-Atlantic South: United States Courts from Maryland to the Carolinas, 1789-1835. Washington, D.C.: Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, 2002.

Holt, Wythe, and David A. Nourse. Egbert Benson: First Chief Judge of the Second Circuit (1801-1802). New York: Second Circuit Committee on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution, 1987.

Morris, Jeffrey B. Federal Justice in the Second Circuit: A History of the United States Courts in New York, Connecticut, and Vermont, 1787-1987. New York: Second Circuit Historical Committee, 1987.

Presser, Stephen B. Studies in the History of the United States Courts of the Third Circuit. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1982.

Zobel, Hiller B. "Those Honorable Courts - Early Days on the First First Circuit." Federal Rules Decisions, 73. Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1977.

__________. "Pillar of the Political Fabric: Federal Courts in Massachusetts, 1789-1815." Massachusetts Law Review, 74 (December 1989): 197-205.

U.S. Circuit Courts, 1801-1802