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Federal Judicial History

The Center conducts research and produces resources on the history of the judicial branch of the federal government.  These resources include compilations of historical data on the courts, information about judges and judicial administration, as well as publications on federal judicial history. The Center also maintains a biographical directory of Article III judges from 1789 to the present, engages in outreach and education on federal judicial history, and works to promote the preservation of the history of the judicial branch.

Twitter Feed (@FedJudicialHist)

  • #SCOTUS decided U.S. v Carolene Products Co. #OTD in 1938; footnote 4 ("most important fn in con law"): the presumption of constitutionality may be set aside and higher level of scrutiny given to certain types of laws, including those directed at "discrete and insular minorities"
    11 hours 3 min ago
  • Thomas Cooper, a newspaper editor who printed a handbill critical of President John Adams, was sentenced in the U.S. Circuit Court for the District of Pennsylvania #OTD in 1800 to 6 months imprisonment and a $400 fine for violating the Sedition Act of 1798
    1 day 12 hours ago
  • Judge Sarah Tilghman Hughes of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, who swore in Lyndon B. Johnson as president on Air Force One after the #JFK assassination, died #OTD in 1985
    2 days 10 hours ago
  • The U.S. Court of Customs Appeals (renamed U.S. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals in 1929), created by Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of 1909, began operations #OTD in 1910
    3 days 10 hours ago
  • #SCOTUS decided J.E.B. v. Alabama ex rel. T.B. #OTD in 1994; held that Equal Protection Clause bars the exclusion of potential jurors based on their sex.
    6 days 12 hours ago