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Federal Judicial History

The Center conducts research and produces resources on the history of the judicial branch of the federal government.  These resources include compilations of historical data on the courts, information about judges and judicial administration, as well as publications on federal judicial history. The Center also maintains a biographical directory of Article III judges from 1789 to the present, engages in outreach and education on federal judicial history, and works to promote the preservation of the history of the judicial branch.

Twitter Feed (@FedJudicialHist)

  • The Senate confirmed Andrew Wylie (a strong Lincoln supporter although from VA) to the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia #OTD in 1863, but voted to reconsider the following day, and did not reconfirm; Wylie was renominated & confirmed in Jan. 1864
    1 week 4 days ago
  • Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia (1986-2016) was born #OTD in 1936;
    1 week 5 days ago
  • Congress repealed the Judiciary Act of 1801 #OTD in 1802; abolished the U.S. circuit courts and 16 circuit judgeships created under the 1801 act; in April, Judiciary Act of 1802 reorganized the system:
    2 weeks 1 day ago
  • The Supreme Court decided Louisville, Cincinnati, and Charleston R.R. Co. v. Letson #OTD in 1844; expanded scope of federal diversity jurisdiction by holding that corporation was citizen of its state of incorporation rather than of shareholders' states of residence #SCOTUS
    2 weeks 2 days ago
  • The Supreme Court decided Dred Scott v. Sandford #OTD in 1857; held that African Americans could not be citizens of the U.S. and lacked standing to sue in federal court; frequently described as worst decision in history of #SCOTUS
    2 weeks 3 days ago