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Federal Judicial History

The Center conducts research and produces resources on the history of the judicial branch of the federal government.  These resources include compilations of historical data on the courts, information about judges and judicial administration, as well as publications on federal judicial history. The Center also maintains a biographical directory of Article III judges from 1789 to the present, engages in outreach and education on federal judicial history, and works to promote the preservation of the history of the judicial branch.

Twitter Feed (@FedJudicialHist)

  • Congress required #SCOTUS #OTD in 1870 to dismiss any case from the Court of Claims in which a claimant had received a presidential pardon after the Civil War (SCOTUS overturned the law in U.S. v. Klein (1871)) #CivilWar
    5 days 16 hours ago
  • Judge Murray Gurfein, who presided over the Pentagon Papers case ( in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, was nominated by Richard Nixon to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit #OTD in 1974
    6 days 15 hours ago
  • Congress enacted the Bankruptcy Amendments and Federal Judgeship Act #OTD in 1984; made changes to U.S. bankruptcy courts; added 24 U.S. court of appeals and 61 U.S. district court judgeships #bankruptcy #judges
    1 week 16 hours ago
  • Congress retroceded the county of Alexandria from the District of Columbia to the state of Virginia #OTD in 1846, and therefore abolished the Alexandria division of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia
    1 week 1 day ago
  • Wondering about the history of equity jurisdiction in the federal courts? Read this brief essay: (pic: Justice Joseph Story, author of Commentaries on Equity Jurisprudence, 1836)
    1 week 2 days ago