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Federal Judicial History

The Center conducts research and produces resources on the history of the judicial branch of the federal government.  These resources include compilations of historical data on the courts, information about judges and judicial administration, as well as publications on federal judicial history. The Center also maintains a biographical directory of Article III judges from 1789 to the present, engages in outreach and education on federal judicial history, and works to promote the preservation of the history of the judicial branch.

Twitter Feed (@FedJudicialHist)

  • #DYK? U.S. attorneys were commonly referred to as "district attorneys" until the Judicial Code of 1948 formalized their current title; learn more about the history of the office:
    2 weeks 12 hours ago
  • President George Washington, at the request of Congress, sent copies of the Bill of Rights to each of the states for ratification #OTD in 1789; included provisions on search & seizure, self-incrimination, speedy trial, jury trial, cruel & unusual punishment and others
    2 weeks 1 day ago
  • The Federal Courts Improvement Act went into effect #OTD in 1982; the new U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit assumed the appellate jurisdiction of the U.S. Court of Claims and the jurisdiction of the U.S. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
    2 weeks 2 days ago
  • Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Robbins Curtis, known for dissent in Dred Scott v. Sandford, resigned from #SCOTUS #OTD in 1857
    2 weeks 3 days ago
  • The Pretrial Services Act became law #OTD in 1982; see a brief history of federal probation and pretrial services officers:
    2 weeks 6 days ago