History of the Federal Judiciary


  Biographical Directory of Federal Judges
Ellsworth, Oliver
Born April 29, 1745, in Windsor, CT
Died November 26, 1807, in Windsor, CT

Federal Judicial Service:
Chief Justice, Supreme Court of the United States
Nominated by George Washington on March 3, 1796, to a seat vacated by John Rutledge. Confirmed by the Senate on March 4, 1796, and received commission on March 4, 1796. Service terminated on September 30, 1800, due to resignation.

Allotment as Circuit Justice:
Southern Circuit, Spring 1796, Spring 1799
Eastern Circuit, Spring 1797, Spring 1798-Fall 1798, Fall 1799

Education:
College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), B.A., 1766
Read law, 1771

Professional Career:
Private practice, Windsor, Connecticut, 1771-1775
State representative, Connecticut, 1773-1775
Private practice, Hartford, Connecticut, 1775-1784
State's attorney, Hartford, Connecticut, 1777-1785
Delegate, Continental Congress, 1778-1783
Member, Connecticut Council of Safety, 1779
Member, Connecticut Governor's Council, 1784-1785, 1801-1807
Judge, Connecticut Superior Court, 1784-1789
Delegate, Federal Constitutional Convention, 1787
U.S. senator from Connecticut, 1789-1796
Minister plenipotentiary to France, U.S. Department of State, 1799-1800
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