History of the Federal Judiciary


  Biographical Directory of Federal Judges
Taney, Roger Brooke
Born March 17, 1777, in Calvert County, MD
Died October 12, 1864, in Washington, DC

Federal Judicial Service:
Chief Justice, Supreme Court of the United States
Nominated by Andrew Jackson on December 28, 1835, to a seat vacated by John Marshall. Confirmed by the Senate on March 15, 1836, and received commission on March 15, 1836. Service terminated on October 12, 1864, due to death.

Allotment as Circuit Justice:
Fourth Circuit, March 22, 1836-October 12, 1864

Education:
Dickinson College, 1795
Read law, 1799

Professional Career:
State delegate, Maryland, 1799-1800
Private practice, Frederick, Maryland, 1801-1823
Director, state bank branch, Frederick, Maryland, 1810-1815
State senator, Maryland, 1816-1821
Director, Frederick County [Maryland] Bank, 1818-1823
Private practice, Baltimore, Maryland, 1823-1831
Attorney general, State of Maryland, 1827-1831
Acting secretary of war, 1831
Attorney General of the United States, 1831-1833
Secretary of the Treasury, 1833-1834

Nominated to Supreme Court of the United States, January 15, 1835; no Senate vote
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