History of the Federal Judiciary

  Biographical Directory of Federal Judges
Key, Philip Barton
Born April 12, 1757, near Charlestown, MD
Died July 28, 1815, in Georgetown, DC

Federal Judicial Service:
Judge, U.S. Circuit Court for the Fourth Circuit
Nominated by John Adams on February 18, 1801, to a new seat authorized by 2 Stat. 89. Confirmed by the Senate on February 20, 1801, and received commission on February 20, 1801. Served as chief judge, 1801-1802. Service terminated on July 1, 1802, due to abolition of the court.

Middle Temple, London, England, 1784
Read law, 1785

Professional Career:
Fought with the British Army in the Revolutionary War, 1777-1781
Private practice, Leonardtown, Maryland, 1787-1790
Private practice, Annapolis, Maryland, 1790-1794, 1799-1800
State delegate, Maryland, 1794-1799
Private practice, Montgomery County, Maryland, 1802-1807
Counsel, Hon. Samuel Chase, Supreme Court of the United States, during Senate impeachment trial, 1805
U.S. representative from Maryland, 1807-1813
Private practice, Georgetown, D.C., 1813-1815
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