History of the Federal Judiciary


  Biographical Directory of Federal Judges
Johnson, Thomas
Born November 4, 1732, in Calvert County, MD
Died October 26, 1819, in Frederick, MD

Federal Judicial Service:
Associate Justice, Supreme Court of the United States
Received a recess appointment from George Washington on August 5, 1791, to a seat vacated by John Rutledge; nominated to the same position by George Washington on October 31, 1791. Confirmed by the Senate on November 7, 1791, and received commission on November 7, 1791. Service terminated on January 16, 1793, due to resignation.

Allotment as Circuit Justice:
Southern Circuit, Fall 1792

Education:
Read law, 1760

Professional Career:
Private practice, Annapolis, Maryland, 1760-1762
Member, Lower House, Maryland Proprietary Assembly, 1762-1774
Delegate, Continental Congress, 1774-1777
Maryland Militia brigadier general, 1776-1777
Governor, Maryland, 1777-1780
Private practice, Frederick, Maryland, 1780-1790
State delegate, Maryland, 1780-1782, 1786-1788
Chief judge, Maryland General Court, 1790-1791
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