History of the Federal Judiciary


  Biographical Directory of Federal Judges
Jay, John
Born December 12, 1745, in New York, NY
Died May 17, 1829, in Bedford, NY

Federal Judicial Service:
Chief Justice, Supreme Court of the United States
Nominated by George Washington on September 24, 1789, to a new seat authorized by 1 Stat. 73. Confirmed by the Senate on September 26, 1789, and received commission on September 26, 1789. Service terminated on June 29, 1795, due to resignation.

Allotment as Circuit Justice:
Eastern Circuit, Spring 1790-Spring 1792
Middle Circuit, Spring 1793, Spring 1794

Education:
King`s College (now Columbia University), B.A., 1764
King`s College (now Columbia University), M.A., 1767
Read law, 1768

Professional Career:
Private practice, New York City, 1768-1774
Delegate, Continental Congress, 1774-1778
Chief justice, Supreme Court of Judicature of New York, 1777-1778
President, Second Continental Congress, 1778-1779
U.S. minister plenipotentiary to Spain, 1779-1782
Negotiator of Treaty of Paris with Great Britain, 1782-1783
Secretary of foreign affairs under Articles of Confederation, 1784-1790
Negotiator of Jay Treaty with Great Britain, 1794-1795
Governor, New York, 1795-1801

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