Bibliography and Resources
Austin, Aleine. Matthew Lyon: “New Man” of the Democratic Revolution, 1749–1822. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1981.
Brown, Richard D. “The Disenchantment of a Radical Whig: John Adams Reckons with Free Speech.” In John Adams and the Founding of the Republic. Edited by Richard Alan Ryerson, 171–85. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2001.
Casto, William R. The Supreme Court in the Early Republic: The Chief Justiceships of John Jay and Oliver Ellsworth. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1995.
Durey, Michael. “With the Hammer of Truth”: James Thomas Callender and America’s Early National Heroes. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1990.
Elkins, Stanley, and Eric McKitrick. The Age of Federalism: The Early American Republic, 1788–1800. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Levy, Leonard W. Emergence of a Free Press. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Pasley, Jeffrey L. The Tyranny of Printers: Newspaper Politics in the Early American Republic. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2001.
Preyer, Kathryn. “United States v. Callender: Judge and Jury in a Republican Society,” in Origins of the Federal Judiciary: Essays on the Judiciary Act of 1789. Edited by Maeva Marcus, 173–95. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Rosenberg, Norman L. Protecting the Best Men: An Interpretive History of the Law of Libel. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.
Smith, James Morton. Freedom’s Fetters: The Alien and Sedition Laws and American Civil Liberties. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1956.
United States v. Matthew Lyon, Case files, U.S. Circuit Court, District of Vermont, RG 21, National Archives and Records Administration – Northeast Region (Boston).
United States v. Thomas Cooper, #21 April Session 1800, U.S. Circuit Court for the District of Pennsylvania, Record Group 21, National Archives and Records Administration, Mid Atlantic Region (Philadelphia).
Published primary sources:
Cooper, Thomas. An Account of the Trial of Thomas Cooper of Northumberland; on a Charge of Libel against the President of the United States. Philadelphia: John Bioren, 1800.
Lyon, James. A Republican Magazine; or, Repository of Political Truths. Fairhaven, Vt.: 1798.
[Robertson, David, comp.]. Trial of James Thompson Callender, For Sedition On Tuesday, the third day of June, 1800, in the middle Circuit Court at Richmond, in the District of Virginia. Richmond: 1804.
Wharton, Francis. State trials of the United States during the administrations of Washington and Adams, with references, historical and professional, and preliminary notes on the politics of the times. New York: B. Franklin, 1849.
Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789–1800. vol. 3: The Justices on Circuit, 1795–1800. Ed. Maeva Marcus, et al. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.
The Sedition Act Trials — Historical Background and Documents