History of the Federal Judiciary

History of the Federal Judiciary

  Chew Heong v. United States: Chinese Exclusion and the Federal Courts
Learn about the case — historical background and documents

Select Bibliography and Resources

Secondary sources:

Chan, Sucheng.
This Bittersweet Soil: Chinese in California Agriculture, 1860–1910. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Chen, Yong.
Chinese San Francisco, 1850–1943: A Transpacific Community. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.

Choy, Phillip P., Lorraine Dong, and Marlon K. Hom, ed.
Coming Man: 19th Century American Perceptions of the Chinese. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995.

Fritz, Christian G.
Federal Justice in California: the Court of Ogden Hoffman, 1851–1891. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991.

Hsu, Madeline Yuan-yin.
Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and Southern China, 1882–1943. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.

Janisch, Hudson N. “The Chinese, the Courts, and the Constitution: A Study of the Legal Issues Raised by Chinese Immigration, 1850–1902.” J.S.D. dissertation, University of Chicago Law School, 1971.

Kens, Paul.
Justice Stephen J. Field: Shaping Liberty from the Gold Rush to the Gilded Age. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1997.

Lai, Him Mark, Genny Lim, and Judy Yung.
Island: Poetry and History of Chinese Immigrants on Angel Island 1910–1940. HOC DOI, 1980.

Lee, Erika.
At America’s Gates: Chinese Immigration during the Exclusion Era, 1882–1943. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

McClain, Charles J., Jr.
In Search of Equality: The Chinese Struggle Against Discrimination in Nineteenth-Century America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

McCurdy, Charles W., “Stephen J. Field and the American Judicial Tradition,” in
The Fields and the Law. San Francisco: Northern District Historical Society and Federal Bar Council, 1986.

McCurdy, Charles W. “Justice Field and the Jurisprudence of Government-Business Relations: Some Parameters of Laissez-Faire Constitutionalism, 1863–1897,” in
Journal of American History 61 (March 1975): 970–1005.

Przybyszewski, Linda.
The Republic according to John Marshall Harlan. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Przybyszewski, Linda. “Judge Lorenzo Sawyer and the Chinese: Civil Rights Decisions in the Ninth Circuit,” in
Western Legal History 1 (1988): 23–56.

Salyer, Lucy.
Laws Harsh as Tigers: Chinese Immigrants and the Shaping of Modern Immigration Law. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

Shuck, Oscar T.
History of the Bench and Bar of California. Los Angeles: Commercial Printing House, 1901.

Swisher, Carl Brent.
Stephen J. Field: Craftsman of the Law. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1930.

Court records and government documents:

In re Cheen Heong, on Habeas Corpus, 21 Federal Reporter 791 (Sept. 29, 1884)

Chew Heong v. United States, 112 U.S. Supreme Court Reports 536 (1884)

Chinese Exclusion Cases, File 980-84, Letters Received, General Records of the Department of Justice, RG 60, National Archives and Records Administration

      “The Chinese in California, 1850–1925,” Library of Congress, American Memory
            A wide ranging collection of digitized primary sources, including pamphlets, correspondence, photographs, and cartoons, about Chinese immigration.
Angel Island State Park, Immigration Station, San Francisco
            Includes photographs and descriptions of the immigration station at Angel Island in San Francisco Bay. This was the major port of entry for Chinese immigrants, beginning in 1910.
Chinese Immigration Documents Online: Digitized Chinese Case files from the National Archives
            Allows researchers on-line access to sample documents from investigations conducted by government officials of Chinese entering the United States during the exclusion period.
Chinese Immigration Records in the National Archives
            Describes the types of records relating to Chinese immigration available at the central and regional offices of the National Archives and Records Administration. Some of these records have been digitized and are available online.


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