Learn about the case — historical background and documents
Bibliography and Resources
Baker, Liva. The Second Battle of New Orleans: The Hundred-Year Struggle to Integrate the Schools. New York: Harper Collins, 1996.
Bass, Jack. Unlikely Heroes: The Dramatic Story of the Southern Judges of the Fifth Circuit who Translated the Supreme Court’s Brown Decision into a Revolution for Equality. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981.
Bridges, Ruby. Through My Eyes. New York: Scholastic Press, 1999.
Coles, Robert. Children of Crisis: A Study of Courage and Fear. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1964.
Crain, Robert L. The Politics of School Desegregation: Comparative Case Studies of Community Structure and Policy-Making. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company, 1968. (Part III of this book deals with New Orleans.)
Crain, Robert L., and Morton Inger. School Desegregation in New Orleans: A Comparative Study of the Failure of Social Control. Chicago: National Opinion Research Center, 1966.
Fairclough, Adam. Race and Democracy: The Civil Rights Struggle in Louisiana, 1915–1972. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.
Giarrusso, Alfred Peter. “Desegregation of the Orleans Parish School System.” Ed.D. dissertation, University of Arkansas, 1969.
Inger, Morton. Politics and Reality in an American City: The New Orleans School Crisis of 1960. New York: Center for Urban Education, 1969.
Jeansonne, Glen. Leander Perez, Boss of the Delta. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1977.
Klarman, Michael J. From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Louisiana State Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights, Report of the New Orleans School Crisis. Washington, D.C., 1961.
Miller, Arthur S. A “Capacity for Outrage”: The Judicial Odyssey of J. Skelly Wright. 1984.
Muller, Mary Lee. “The New Orleans Parish School Board and Negro Education.” M.A. Thesis, University of New Orleans, 1975.
Read, Frank T., and Lucy S. McGough, Let Them Be Judged: The Judicial Integration of the Deep South. Metuchen, N.J.: The Scarecrow Press, 1978 [Chapter Three].
Rogers, Kim Lacy. “Humanity and Desire: Civil Rights Leaders and the Desegregation of New Orleans, 1954–1966.” Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1982.
Wieder, Alan. “The New Orleans School Crisis of 1960: Causes and Consequences.” Phylon 48 (2d Quarter, 1987): 122–31.
Case files for Bush v. Orleans Parish School Board are in RG 21, U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana, New Orleans Division, National Archives and Records Administration, Southwest Region (Fort Worth).
Bush v. Orleans Parish School Board and the Desegregation of New Orleans Schools