History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, 1789-present

The directory includes the biographies of judges appointed since 1789 to the Supreme Court of the United States, the U.S. courts of appeals, the U.S. district courts, the former U.S. circuit courts, and the federal judiciary's courts of special jurisdiction. These judges were appointed by the president, with the advice and consent of the Senate, to serve "during good behavior" in accordance with Article III of the U.S. Constitution. In addition, the directory includes the biographies of judges who received presidential recess appointments to the aforementioned courts but were not confirmed by the Senate to permanent positions.

To read a biography, type in the judge's name (Last name, First name) or browse the alphabetical listings.

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Select research categories to create customized lists of judges based on various criteria, including nominating president, type of court, dates of service, and demographic groups.
 
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Learn about the compilation of the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges.

 

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