History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of South Carolina
Legislative History
September 24, 1789
1 Stat. 73
The Judiciary Act of 1789 organized South Carolina as one judicial district, authorized one judgeship for the U.S. district court, and assigned the district to the Southern Circuit.
February 13, 1801
2 Stat. 89
The Judiciary Act of 1801 reorganized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of South Carolina to the Fifth Circuit. 
April 29, 1802
2 Stat. 156
After repealing the Judiciary Act of 1801, Congress in the Judiciary Act of 1802 again organized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of South Carolina to the Sixth Circuit.
February 21, 1823
3 Stat. 726

 
South Carolina divided into two judicial districts, the Eastern and the Western, for the purposes of holding court.  One judge presided in both districts, and the act did not authorize additional court staff.  In 1898, in  Barrett v. United States, 169 U.S. 219, the Supreme Court held that South Carolina  constituted a single judicial district.
August 16, 1856
11 Stat. 43
The act granted the U.S. district court meeting in Greenville the same jurisdiction as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
July 15, 1862
12 Stat. 576
Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned the District of South Carolina to the Fifth Circuit.
July 23, 1866
14 Stat. 209
Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned the District of South Carolina to the Fourth Circuit.
February 6, 1889
25 Stat. 655
The act repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the U.S. district court meeting at Greenville and established a U.S. Circuit Court for the Western District of South Carolina, granting it the same jurisdiction as other U.S. circuit courts, effective May 1, 1889. 
March 3, 1911
36 Stat. 1087, 1123
South Carolina divided into two judicial districts, the Eastern and the Western, with one judgeship authorized to serve both districts, effective January 1, 1912. 
March 3, 1915
38 Stat. 961
One additional judgeship authorized for the Western District and the sitting judge was assigned exclusively to the Eastern District.
February 26, 1929
45 Stat. 1319
One additional judgeship authorized to serve both districts.
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
One additional judgeship authorized to serve both districts.
October 7, 1965
79 Stat. 951
 The act reorganized South Carolina as a single judicial district with four judgeships authorized for the district court.
June 2, 1970
84 Stat. 294
One additional judgeship authorized.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
 
Three additional judgeships authorized.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
 
One additional judgeship authorized.
Dec. 21, 2000
114 Stat. 2762
One additional judgeship authorized.

Authorized Judgeships 
 
South Carolina District
Eastern District
Western District
Total Judgeships
1789
1
 
 
1
1911
 
1
1
1
1915
 
1
1
2
1929
 
2
2
3
1961
 
3
3
4
1965
4
 
 
4
1970
5
 
 
5
1978
8
 
 
8
1990
9
 
 
9
2000
10
 
 
10

 

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