History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of Pennsylvania
Legislative History
September 24, 1789
1 Stat. 73
The Judiciary Act of 1789 organized Pennsylvania as one judicial district and authorized one judgeship for the U.S. district court. The act assigned the District of Pennsylvania to the Middle Circuit.
February 13, 1801
2 Stat. 89
The Judiciary Act of 1801 reorganized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of Pennsylvania to the Third Circuit.
April 29, 1802
2 Stat. 156
After repealing the Judiciary Act of 1801, Congress in the Judiciary Act of 1802 again organized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of Pennsylvania to the Third Circuit.
April 20, 1818
3 Stat. 462
Congress divided Pennsylvania into two judicial districts, the Eastern and the Western, with one judgeship authorized for each. The judge of the District of Pennsylvania was assigned to the Eastern District. The district court in the Western District was granted the same jurisdiction as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were to be the jurisdiction of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
May 15, 1820
3 Stat. 598
The act provided that appeals and writs of error from decisions in the district court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, when exercising the powers of a circuit court, would be the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, rather than the U.S. Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
March 3, 1837
5 Stat. 176
The act established a U.S. circuit court for the Western District of Pennsylvania and repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the district court for the Western District, except when the district court met in Williamsport.
March 3, 1843
5 Stat. 628
The act repealed the authority of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania meeting in Williamsport to exercise power and jurisdiction of a circuit court, and provided for a session of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Western District to meet in Williamsport.
March 2, 1901
31 Stat. 880
The act established the Middle District and authorized one judgeship for the district court.
April 1, 1904
33 Stat. 155
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
February 26, 1909
35 Stat. 656
One additional judgeship authorized for the Western District.
February 16, 1914
38 Stat. 283
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Eastern District. This position was never made permanent.
September 14, 1922
42 Stat. 837
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Eastern and one temporary for the Western District. The position for the Eastern District was never made permanent.
March 3, 1927
44 Stat. 1347
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
February 28, 1929
45 Stat. 1344
One additional judgeship authorized for the Middle District.
August 19, 1935
49 Stat. 659
Temporary judgeship authorized in 1922 for the Western District was made permanent.
June 16, 1936
49 Stat. 1523
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
June 2, 1938
52 Stat. 780
Temporary judgeship authorized in 1936 for the Eastern District made permanent.
May 24, 1940
54 Stat. 219
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
December 7, 1944
58 Stat. 796
Temporary judgeship authorized in 1940 for the Eastern District made permanent.
July 24, 1946
60 Stat. 654
Temporary judgeship authorized to serve all three districts.
August 3, 1949
63 Stat. 493
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Eastern District and one temporary judgeship authorized for the Western District.
August 29, 1950
64 Stat. 562
Temporary judgeship authorized in 1949 for the Western District made permanent.
February 10, 1954
68 Stat. 8
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District. One additional permanent judgeship and one temporary judgeship authorized for the Western District. The act provided that the temporary judgeship serving all three districts would be made permanent and assigned exclusively to the Middle District upon the first vacancy in that district.
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
Three additional judgeships authorized for the Eastern District, one additional for the Middle District, two additional for the Western District, and the temporary judgeship authorized in 1954 for the Western District was made permanent.
March 18, 1966
80 Stat. 75
Three temporary judgeships authorized for the Eastern District. One of these positions was never made permanent.
June 2, 1970
84 Stat. 294
Six additional judgeships authorized plus two temporaries made permanent in the Eastern District, one temporary authorized for the Middle District, and two additional judgeships authorized for the Western District. The temporary position authorized for the Middle District was never made permanent.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Middle District.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
Three additional judgeships authorized for the Eastern District, one for the Middle District and one temporary judgeship authorized for the Eastern District. (Statutory provision authorizing temporary judgeship in Eastern District revised by 109 Stat. 635.)


 
 

Authorized Judgeships
 
Pennsylvania

District

Eastern District
Western District
Middle District
Total Judgeships
1789
1
   
1
1818
 
1
1
 
2
1901
 
1
1
1
3
1904
 
2
1
1
4
1909
 
2
2
1
5
1914
 
3
2
1
6
1914
 
2
2
1
5
1922
 
3
3
1
7
1925
 
2
3
1
6
1927
 
3
3
1
7
1929
 
3
3
2
8
1936
 
4
3
2
9
1940
 
5
3
2
10
1946
 
6
4
3
11
1949
 
8
5
3
14
1954
 
9
7
3
17
1955
 
8
6
2
16
1961
 
11
8
3
22
1966
 
14
8
3
25
1969
 
13
8
3
24
1970
 
19
10
4
33
1976
 
19
10
3
32
1978
 
19
10
5
34
1990
 
23
10
6
39
1997
22
10
6
38


 

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