History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of New York
Legislative History
September 24, 1789
1 Stat. 73
The Judiciary Act of 1789 organized New York as one judicial district and authorized one judgeship for the U.S. district court. The act assigned the District of New York to the Eastern Circuit.
February 13, 1801
2 Stat. 89
The Judiciary Act of 1801 reorganized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of New York to the Second Circuit.
April 29, 1802
2 Stat. 156
After repealing the Judiciary Act of 1801, Congress in the Judiciary Act of 1802 again organized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of New York to the Second Circuit.
April 29, 1812
2 Stat. 719
One additional judgeship authorized.
April 9, 1814
3 Stat. 120
New York divided into two judicial districts, the Northern and the Southern, with one judgeship authorized for each district. The act granted the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York the same jurisdiction as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were to be the jurisdiction of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York.
May 22, 1826
4 Stat. 192
The act provided that appeals and writs of error from decisions in the district court for the Northern District of New York, when exercising the powers of a circuit court, would be the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, rather than the U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York.
March 3, 1837
5 Stat. 176
The act repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the district court for the Northern District of New York, except when the district court met in Utica.
February 25, 1865
13 Stat. 438
The act established the Eastern District of New York and authorized one judgeship for the district court.
May 12, 1900
31 Stat. 175
The act established the Western District of New York and authorized one judgeship for the district court.
February 9, 1903
32 Stat. 805
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
May 26, 1906
34 Stat. 202
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
March 2, 1909
35 Stat. 685
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
June 25, 1910
36 Stat. 838
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
September 14, 1922
42 Stat. 837
Two temporary judgeships authorized for the Southern District and one temporary for the Eastern District.
March 3, 1927
44 Stat. 1370
One additional judgeship authorized for the Western District.
March 3, 1927
44 Stat. 1374
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District.
February 26, 1929
45 Stat. 1317
Three additional judgeships authorized for the Southern District.
February 28, 1929
45 Stat. 1409
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Eastern District.
August 19, 1935
49 Stat. 659
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District. The temporary judgeships authorized in 1922 for the Eastern and the Southern Districts were made permanent.
June 15, 1936
49 Stat. 1491
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Southern District.
May 31, 1938
52 Stat. 584
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
March 24, 1940
54 Stat. 219
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Southern District. This judgeship was never made permanent.
June 8, 1940
54 Stat. 253
Temporary judgeship authorized in 1938 for the Southern District was made permanent.
August 3, 1949
63 Stat. 493
Four additional judgeships authorized for the Southern District.
February 10, 1954
68 Stat. 8
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Southern District.
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
Six additional judgeships authorized for the Southern District and two additional for the Eastern District.
March 18, 1966
80 Stat. 75
One additional judgeship authorized for the Western District.
June 2, 1970
84 Stat. 294
Three additional judgeships authorized for the Southern District and one additional for the Eastern District.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District and one additional for the Eastern District.
July 10, 1984
98 Stat. 333
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District, two additional judgeships for the Eastern District, and one temporary judgeship for the Western District.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
Three additional judgeships authorized for the Eastern District, one additional for the Southern District, and one temporary judgeship authorized for the Northern District. The temporary position authorized for the Western District in 1984 was made permanent. (Statutory provision authorizing the temporary judgeship revised by 109 Stat. 635 and judgeship extended by 111 Stat. 1173.)
November 2, 2002
116 Stat. 1758
Temporary judgeship authorized in 1990 for the Northern District made permanent.


 

 

Authorized Judgeships
 
New York District
Northern District
Southern District
Eastern District
Western District
Total Judgeships
1789
1
    
1
1812
2
    
2
1814
 
1
1
  
2
1865
 
1
1
1
 
3
1900
 
1
1
1
1
4
1903
 
1
2
1
1
5
1906
 
1
3
1
1
6
1909
 
1
4
1
1
7
1910
 
1
4
2
1
8
1920
2*
4
2
1
9
1922
 
2
6
3
1
12
1925
1
6
3
1
11
1927
 
1
6
3
2
12
1927
 
2
6
3
2
13
1929
 
2
9
3
2
16
1929
 
2
9
5
2
18
1935
 
2
9
6
2
19
1936
 
2
11
6
2
21
1938
 
2
12
6
2
22
1940
 
2
13
6
2
23
1943
 
2
12
6
2
22
1949
 
2
16
6
2
26
1954
 
2
18
6
2
28
1961
 
2
24
8
2
36
1966
 
2
24
8
3
37
1970
 
2
27
9
3
41
1978
 
3
27
10
3
43
1984
 
4
27
12
4
47
1990
 
5
28
15
4
52


*Temporary judgeship authorized by 40 Stat. 1156, which provided for the appointment of an additional judge when a sitting judge was certified as disabled.

 

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