History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of New Jersey
Legislative History
September 24, 1789
1 Stat. 73
The Judiciary Act of 1789 organized New Jersey as one judicial district, authorized one judgeship for the U.S. district court, and assigned the district to the Middle Circuit.
February 13, 1801
2 Stat. 89
The Judiciary Act of 1801 reorganized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of New Jersey to the Third Circuit. The act divided New Jersey into two judicial districts, the Eastern and the Western, with one judgeship authorized to serve both districts.
March 8, 1802
2 Stat. 132
Repeal of the Judiciary Act of 1801 restored New Jersey as a single judicial district, effective July 1, 1802.
April 29, 1802
2 Stat. 156
The Judiciary Act of 1802 again organized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of New Jersey to the Third Circuit.
March 3, 1905
33 Stat. 987
One additional judgeship authorized.
April 11, 1916
39 Stat. 48
One additional judgeship authorized.
September 14, 1922
42 Stat. 837
One temporary judgeship authorized.
May 20, 1932
47 Stat. 161
Temporary judgeship authorized in 1922 made permanent.
March 24, 1940
54 Stat. 219
One temporary judgeship authorized.
December 22, 1944
58 Stat. 887
Temporary judgeship authorized in 1940 made permanent.
August 3, 1949
63 Stat. 493
One additional judgeship authorized.
February 10, 1954
68 Stat. 8
One additional judgeship authorized.
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
One additional judgeship authorized.
June 2, 1970
84 Stat. 294
One additional permanent and one temporary judgeship authorized. Temporary judgeship never made permanent.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
 
Two additional judgeships authorized.
July 10, 1984
98 Stat. 333
Three additional judgeships authorized.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
Three additional judgeships authorized.



 

Authorized Judgeships
 
New Jersey District
Eastern District
Western District
Total Judgeships
1789
1
  
1
1801
 
1
1
1
1802
1
  
1
1905
2
  
2
1916
3
  
3
1922
4
  
4
1940
5
  
5
1949
6
  
6
1954
7
  
7
1961
8
  
8
1970
10
  
10
1972
9
  
9
1978
11
  
11
1984
14
  
14
1990
17
  
17


 

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