History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of North Carolina
Legislative History
June 4, 1790
1 Stat. 126
Congress organized North Carolina as one judicial district, authorized one judgeship for the U.S. district court, and assigned the district to the Southern Circuit.
June 9, 1794
1 Stat. 395
North Carolina divided into three judicial districts, the Edenton, the New Bern, and the Wilmington, with one judgeship authorized to serve all three districts.
March 3, 1797
1 Stat. 517
Repeal of the Act of June 9, 1794, restored North Carolina as a single judicial district.
February 13, 1801
2 Stat. 89
Judiciary Act of 1801 reorganized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of North Carolina to the Fifth Circuit. The act divided North Carolina into three judicial districts, the Albemarle, the Cape Fear, and the Pamptico, with one judgeship authorized to serve all three districts.
April 29, 1802
2 Stat. 156
After repealing the Judiciary Act of 1801, Congress in the Judiciary Act of 1802 again organized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of North Carolina to the Fifth Circuit. The act again divided North Carolina into three judicial districts, the Albemarle, the Cape Fear, and the Pamptico, with one judgeship authorized to serve all three districts.
August 16, 1842
5 Stat. 507
Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned the District of North Carolina to the Sixth Circuit.
July 15, 1862
12 Stat. 576
Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned the District of North Carolina to the Fourth Circuit.
June 4, 1872
17 Stat. 215
North Carolina divided into two judicial districts, the Eastern and the Western, with one judgeship authorized for each district. The sitting judge was assigned to the Eastern District.
March 2, 1927
44 Stat. 1339
The act established the Middle District of North Carolina and authorized one judgeship for the district court.
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
One additional judgeship authorized for each district.
June 2, 1970
84 Stat. 294
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Eastern District. This position was never made permanent.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
One additional judgeship authorized for each district.
July 10, 1984
98 Stat. 333
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
 
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
One additional judgeship authorized for the Middle District, and the temporary judgeship authorized for the Eastern District in 1984 was made permanent.
November 2, 2002
116 Stat. 1758
One additional judgeship and one temporary judgeship authorized for the Western District.


 
 

Authorized Judgeships
 
North Carolina District
Edenton District
New Bern District
Wilmington District
Total Judgeships
1790
1
   
1
1794
 
1
1
1
1
1797
1
   
1

 
Albemarle District
Cape Fear District
Pamptico District
Total Judgeships
1801
1
1
1
1

 
Eastern District
Western District
Middle District
Total Judgeships
1872
1
1
 
2
1919
1
2*
3
1927
1
2
1
4
1935
1
1
1
3
1961
2
2
2
6
1970
3
2
2
7
1975
2
2
2
6
1978
3
3
3
9
1984
4
3
3
10
1990
4
3
4
11
2002
4
5
4
13


*Temporary judgeship authorized by 40 Stat. 1156, which provided for the appointment of an additional judge when a sitting judge was certified as disabled.

 

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