History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of Missouri
Legislative History
March 16, 1822
3 Stat. 653
Congress organized Missouri as one judicial district and authorized one judgeship for the U.S. district court. The district court in Missouri, not being assigned to a judicial circuit, was granted the same jurisdiction as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
March 3, 1837
5 Stat. 176
Congress repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the district court for Missouri, assigned Missouri to the Eighth Circuit, and created the U.S. Circuit Court for the District of Missouri.
March 3, 1857
11 Stat. 197
Missouri divided into two judicial districts, the Eastern and the Western, with one judgeship authorized for each district. The district judge serving the District of Missouri was assigned to the Western District of Missouri.
July 15, 1862
12 Stat. 576
Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned Missouri to the Ninth Circuit.
July 23, 1866
14 Stat. 209
Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned Missouri to the Eighth Circuit.
September 14, 1922
42 Stat. 837
One temporary judgeship authorized for each district.
August 19, 1935
49 Stat. 659
Temporary judgeships authorized in 1922 made permanent.
June 22, 1936
49 Stat. 1804
One judgeship authorized to serve both districts.
December 24, 1942
56 Stat. 1083
One temporary judgeship authorized to serve both districts.
February 10, 1954
68 Stat. 8
Temporary judgeship authorized in 1942 made permanent.
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
One additional judgeship authorized for the Western District.
June 2, 1970
84 Stat. 294
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District and two for the Western District.
July 10, 1984
98 Stat. 333
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
One additional judgeship and one temporary judgeship authorized for the Eastern District. (Statutory provision authorizing temporary judgeship revised by 109 Stat. 635 and judgeship extended by 111 Stat. 1173, 119 Stat. 2470, 127 Stat. 418, and 128 Stat. 203.)



 

Authorized Judgeships
 
Missouri District
Eastern District
Western District
Total Judgeships
1822
1
  
1
1857
 
1
1
2
1922
 
2
2
4
1936
 
3
3
5
1942
 
4
4
6
1961
 
4
5
7
1970
 
5
5
8
1978
 
6
7
11
1984
 
7
7
12
1990
 
9
7
14


 

Submit Questions About Judicial History