History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of Michigan
Legislative History
July 1, 1836
5 Stat. 61
The act organized Michigan as a judicial district and authorized one judgeship for the U.S. district court. The district court in Michigan, not being assigned to a judicial circuit, was granted the same jurisdiction as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. The act became effective upon the admission of the State of Michigan on January 26, 1837.
March 3, 1837
5 Stat. 176
This act repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the U.S. District Court for the District of Michigan, assigned the District of Michigan to the Seventh Circuit, and established a U.S. circuit court for the district.
July 15, 1862
12 Stat. 576
Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned Michigan to the Eighth Circuit.
January 28, 1863
12 Stat. 637
Congress reorganized the Seventh and Eighth Circuits and assigned Michigan to the Seventh Circuit.
February 24, 1863
12 Stat. 660
Michigan divided into two judicial districts, the Eastern and the Western, with one judgeship authorized for each district. The district judge serving the District of Michigan was reassigned to the Eastern District of Michigan.
July 23, 1866
14 Stat. 209
Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned Michigan to the Sixth Circuit.
September 14, 1922
42 Stat. 837
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
February 17, 1925
43 Stat. 949
Congress authorized one judgeship for the Western District and provided that the judge appointed to this position would be treated as if senior in commission to the sitting judge. The act also provided that the sitting judge not be replaced when service terminated.
March 3, 1927
44 Stat. 1380
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
February 20, l931
46 Stat. 1197
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
August 19, 1935
49 Stat. 659
The temporary judgeship authorized for Eastern District by the act of September 14, 1922, made permanent.
May 31, 1938
52 Stat. 584
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District.
February 10, 1954
68 Stat. 8
One additional judgeship authorized for the Eastern District, and one additional judgeship authorized for the Western District.
 
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
 
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Eastern District.
June 2, 1970
84 Stat. 294
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Eastern District.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
Three additional judgeships authorized for the Eastern District, and two additional judgeships authorized for the Western District.
July 10, 1984
98 Stat. 333
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Eastern District.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
One temporary judgeship authorized in the Western District. This position was never made permanent.




Authorized Judgeships
 
Michigan District
Eastern District
Western District
Total Judgeships
1836
1
  
1
1863
 
1
1
2
1922
 
2
1
3
1925
 
2
2
4
1927
 
3
2
5
1931
 
4
1
5
1938
 
5
1
6
1954
 
6
2
8
1961
 
8
2
10
1970
 
10
2
12
1978
 
13
4
17
1984
 
15
4
19
1990
 
15
5
20
1996
 
15
4
19


 

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