History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of Iowa
Legislative History
March 3, 1845
5 Stat. 789
Congress organized Iowa as one judicial district and authorized one judgeship for the district court. The U.S. district court in Iowa, not being assigned to a judicial circuit, was granted the same jurisdiction as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. The act became effective upon the admission of the State of Iowa on December 28, 1846.
July 15, 1862
12 Stat. 576
Congress repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the U.S. District Court for the District of Iowa, established a U.S. circuit court in the district, and assigned the district to the Ninth Circuit.
July 23, 1866
14 Stat. 209
Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned the District of Iowa to the Eighth Circuit.
July 20, 1882
22 Stat. 172
Iowa divided into two judicial districts, the Northern and the Southern, with one judgeship authorized for each district.
January 19, 1928
45 Stat. 52
Temporary judgeship authorized for the Southern District. This position never made permanent.
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
One additional judgeship authorized to serve both districts.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District, and the judgeship authorized to serve both districts was reassigned to serve only the Northern District.



 

Authorized Judgeships
 
Iowa

District

Northern

District

Southern

District

Total

Judgeships

1845
1
  
1
1882
 
1
1
2
1928
 
1
2
3
1931
 
1
1
2
1961
 
2
2
3
1978
 
2
3
4
1990
 
2
3
5


 

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