History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of Georgia
Legislative History
September 24, 1789
1 Stat. 73
The Judiciary Act of 1789 organized Georgia as a single judicial district, authorized one judgeship for the U.S. district court, and assigned the district to the Southern Circuit.
February 13, 1801
2 Stat. 89
The Judiciary Act of 1801 reorganized the federal judiciary into six circuits and assigned the District of Georgia to the Fifth Circuit.
April 29, 1802
2 Stat. 156
After repealing the Judiciary Act of 1801, Congress in the Judiciary Act of 1802 again organized the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of Georgia to the Sixth Circuit.
August 11, 1848
9 Stat. 280
This act divided Georgia into two judicial districts, the Northern and the Southern, with one judgeship serving both districts. Congress granted the U.S. District Court for the Northern District the jurisdiction of a circuit court except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
July 15, 1862
12 Stat. 576
Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned the districts of Georgia to the Fifth Circuit.
June 4, 1872
17 Stat. 218
This act repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia and established a U.S. circuit court for the district.
April 25, 1882
22 Stat. 47
One judgeship authorized for the Northern District and the judgeship previously serving both districts assigned exclusively to the Southern District.
March 3, 1915
38 Stat. 959
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Southern District. This position was never made permanent.
May 28, 1926
44 Stat. 670
The act established the Middle District and authorized one judgeship for the new district.
May 24, 1940
54 Stat. 219
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Northern District. This position never made permanent.
March 29, 1949
63 Stat. 16
Temporary judgeship authorized for the Middle District.
August 3, 1949
63 Stat. 493
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District.
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District and the temporary judgeship in the Middle District made permanent.
June 2, 1970
84 Stat. 294
Three additional judgeships authorized for the Northern District and one for the Southern District.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
Five additional judgeships authorized for the Northern District and one for the Southern District.
October 14, 1980
94 Stat. 1994
Congress divided the Fifth Circuit and assigned the district courts of Georgia to the newly established Eleventh Circuit.
July 10, 1984
98 Stat. 333
One additional judgeship authorized for the Middle District.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
One additional judgeship authorized for the Middle District.



 

Authorized Judgeships
 
Georgia

District

Northern

District

Southern

District

Middle

District

Total

Judgeships

1789
1
   
1
1848
 
1
1
 
1
1882
 
1
1
 
2
1915
 
1
2
 
3
1918
 
1
1
 
2
1919
2*
1
3
1920
1
1
2
1926
 
1
1
1
3
1940
 
2
1
1
4
1948
 
1
1
1
3
1949
 
1
1
2
4
1949
 
2
1
2
5
1961
 
3
1
2
6
1970
 
6
2
2
10
1978
 
11
3
2
16
1984
 
11
3
3
17
1990
 
11
3
4
18


*Temporary judgeship authorized by 40 Stat. 1156, which provided for the appointment of an additional judge when a sitting judge was certified as disabled.

 

Submit Questions About Judicial History