History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of Florida
Legislative History
March 3, 1845
5 Stat. 788

 
Congress organized Florida as one judicial district and authorized one judgeship for the U.S. district court. The district court in Florida, not being assigned to a judicial circuit, was granted the same jurisdiction as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
February 23, 1847
9 Stat. 131
Florida divided into two judicial districts, the Northern and the Southern, with one judgeship authorized for each. The judge of the District of Florida was assigned to the Northern District.
July 15, 1862
12 Stat. 576
This statute repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the Florida district courts, established a U.S. circuit court in the districts, and assigned the districts to the Fifth Circuit.
September 14, 1922
42 Stat. 837
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Southern District.  This position was never made permanent.
January 17, 1929
45 Stat. 1081
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
June 27, 1930
46 Stat. 820
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
May 24, 1940
54 Stat. 219
One temporary judgeship authorized to serve the Northern and Southern Districts, with the provision that the judgeship would be assigned permanently to fill the first vacancy that occurred in a permanent judgeship in either district.  In 1947, the temporary judgeship created by this act was accordingly assigned exclusively to the Northern District.
 
August 3, 1949
63 Stat. 493
One additional judgeship authorized to serve the Northern and the Southern Districts.
February 10, 1954
68 Stat. 8
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Southern District.
July 30, 1962
76 Stat. 247
The act established the Middle District, transferred three judgeships from the Southern to the Middle District, and provided that the judgeship serving the Northern and Southern Districts would serve the Middle District as well.
March 18, 1966
80 Stat. 75
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District, one for the Middle District and two for the Southern District. The statewide judgeship authorized in 1949 was assigned exclusively to the Middle District.
June 2, 1970

84 Stat. 294
One additional judgeship authorized for the Middle District and two additional for the Southern District.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District, three for the Middle District and five for the Southern District.
October 14, 1980
94 Stat. 1994
Congress assigned the district courts of Florida to the newly established Eleventh Circuit.
July 10, 1984
98 Stat. 333
Three additional judgeships authorized for the Southern District.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District, two for the Middle District and one for the Southern District.
November 29, 1999
113 Stat. 1501
Four additional judgeships authorized for the Middle District.
Dec. 21, 2000
114 Stat. 2762
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
November 2, 2002
116 Stat. 1758
One temporary judgeship authorized for the Southern District. (Judgeship extended by 127 Stat. 418 and 128 Stat. 203.)



Authorized Judgeships 
 
Florida
District
Northern
District
Southern
District
Middle
District
Total
Judgeships
1845
1
 
 
 
1
1847
 
1
1
 
2
1922
 
1
2
 
3
1929
 
1
3
 
4
1930
 
1
2
 
3
1930
 
1
3
 
4
1940
 
2
4
 
5
1947
 
1
3
 
4
1949
 
2
4
 
5
1954
 
2
5
 
6
1961
 
2
7
 
8
1962
 
2
4
4
8
1966
 
2
5
5
12
1970
 
2
7
6
15
1978
 
3
12
9
24
1984
 
3
15
9
27
1990
 
4
16
11
31
1999
 
4
16
15
35
2000
 
4
17
15
36
2002
4
18
15
37


 

Submit Questions About Judicial History