History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia
Legislative History
April 29, 1802
2 Stat. 156
The Judiciary Act of 1802 required the chief judge of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia to hold two annual sessions of a district court of the United States in the District of Columbia and declared that the district court would exercise the same jurisdiction and authority vested in other district courts of the United States.
March 3, 1863
12 Stat. 762
Congress established the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia and authorized one chief justiceship and three associate justiceships for the court.  The act specified that the court would have the same powers and jurisdiction exercised by the U.S. district courts. It also granted the court the same jurisdiction as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. This act abolished the circuit court, the district court, and the criminal court of the District of Columbia.
June 21, 1870
16 Stat. 160
One additional justiceship authorized.
February 25, 1879
20 Stat. 320
One additional justiceship authorized.
February 9, 1893
27 Stat. 434
Congress established the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, which had jurisdiction over appeals from the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, and repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia
December 20, 1928
45 Stat. 1056
One additional justiceship authorized.
June 19, 1930
46 Stat. 785
Two additional justiceships authorized.
June 25, 1936
49 Stat. 1921
Congress changed the name of the court to the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia.
May 31, 1938
52 Stat. 584
Three additional justiceships authorized.
June 25, 1948
62 Stat. 869, 985
The act provided that the chief justice of the court would, as of September 1, 1948, be known as the chief judge.  This act was amended by the act of September 3, 1954, 68 Stat. 1226, 1245, which provided retroactively that as of September 1, 1948, the chief justice and associate justices of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia were judges in the same sense as judges of other U.S. district courts.
August 3, 1949
63 Stat. 493
Three additional judgeships authorized.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089
Under the terms of the act, a new judge is to be appointed to any court from which an active judge "assumes the duties of a full-time office of Federal The Judicial Branch: Administration, Staff, and Legislation." If the judge assuming such a position returns as an active judge of the court, the first vacancy occurring thereafter will not be filled. This act thus provided for the appointment of another judge to the district court in 2013, when a sitting judge, John D. Bates, became director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts.

 

Authorized Judgeships
1863
4
1870
5
1879
6
1928
7
1930
9
1938
12
1949
15
2013
16


 

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