History of the Federal Judiciary


History of the Federal Judiciary


  U.S. District Courts for the Districts of California
Legislative History
September 28, 1850
9 Stat. 521

 
Congress organized California as two judicial districts and authorized one judgeship each for the U.S. district courts in the Northern and the Southern Districts. The district courts in California, not being assigned to a judicial circuit, were granted the same civil jurisdiction as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
August 31, 1852
10 Stat. 76, 84
Passed following the death of the judge for the Southern District, this act provided that the sitting judge for the Northern District of California also serve as the judge for the Southern District.
February 26, 1853
10 Stat. 161, 169
This act granted to the district courts in California the same criminal jurisdiction exercised by other district and circuit courts.
January 18, 1854
10 Stat. 265
Judgeship reauthorized for the Southern District.
March 2, 1855
10 Stat. 631
This act established the U.S. Circuit Court for the Districts of California and repealed the authority of the California district courts to exercise the trial jurisdiction of a U.S. circuit court, although they continued to exercise appellate jurisdiction in certain cases involving land claims.
March 3, 1863
12 Stat. 794
This act abolished the California Circuit, established a Tenth Circuit consisting of the judicial districts of California and Oregon, and eliminated the remaining appellate jurisdiction of the district courts of California.
July 23, 1866
14 Stat. 209
This act reorganized the federal judiciary into nine circuits and assigned the judicial districts of California to the Ninth Circuit.
July 27, 1866
14 Stat. 300
This act reorganized California as a single judicial district with one judgeship authorized for the district court.
August 5, 1886
24 Stat. 308
California again divided into the Northern and Southern Districts, with one judgeship authorized for each district.
March 2, 1907
34 Stat. 1253
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District.
July 30, 1914
38 Stat. 580
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
September 14, 1922
42 Stat. 837
One temporary judgeship authorized for both the Northern and Southern Districts.
March 3, 1927
44 Stat. 1372
Temporary judgeship in the Northern District made permanent.
July 27, 1930
46 Stat. 819
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
August 2, 1935
49 Stat. 508
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Southern District.
August 19, 1935
49 Stat. 659
Temporary judgeship authorized for the Southern District in 1922 made permanent.
May 31, 1938
52 Stat. 584, 585
One additional judgeship authorized for both the Northern and Southern Districts.
May 24, 1940
54 Stat. 219, 220
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
June 15, 1946
60 Stat. 260
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District.
August 3, 1949
63 Stat. 493
Two additional judgeships authorized for both the Northern District and the Southern District.
February 10, 1954
68 Stat. 8
One additional judgeship authorized for the Southern District.
May 19, 1961
75 Stat. 80
Two additional judgeships authorized for both the Northern District and the Southern District.
March 18, 1966
80 Stat. 75

 
The act established the Eastern and Central Districts of California. The act transferred to the Eastern District one judgeship from the Southern District and two from the Northern District.  For the Central District, ten judgeships were transferred from the Southern District and three new judgeships were authorized.  Two new judgeships were authorized for the Northern District.
June 2, 1970
84 Stat. 294
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Northern District, three for the Central District, and three for the Southern District.
October 20, 1978
92 Stat. 1629
One additional judgeship authorized for the Northern District, three for the Eastern District, one for the Central District, and two for the Southern District.
July 10, 1984
98 Stat. 333
Five additional judgeships authorized for the Central District.
December 1, 1990
104 Stat. 5089

 
Two additional judgeships authorized for the Northern District, five for the Central District, one for the Southern District, and one temporary judgeship for the Eastern District. (Statutory provision authorizing temporary judgeship in Eastern District revised by 109 Stat. 635 and judgeship extended by 111 Stat. 1173.) Under the terms of the act, a new judge is to be appointed to any court from which an active judge “assumes the duties of a full-time office of Federal The Judicial Branch: Administration, Staff, and Legislation.” If the judge assuming such a position returns as an active judge of the court, the first vacancy occurring thereafter will not be filled. This act thus provided for the appointment of an additional judge to the district court in 1999 and 2011, when sitting judges Fern Smith and Jeremy Fogel, respectively, became director of the Federal Judicial Center.
November 2, 2002
116 Stat. 1758
Five additional judgeships authorized for the Southern District and one temporary judgeship authorized for the Central District. (Judgeship for the Central District extended by 127 Stat. 418 and 128 Stat. 203.)

 

Authorized Judgeships 
 
California

District

Northern

District

Southern

District

Central

District

Eastern

District

Total

Judgeships

1850
 
1
1
 
 
2
1852
 
1
1
 
 
1
1854
 
1
1
 
 
2
1866
1
 
 
 
 
1
1886
 
1
1
 
 
2
1907
 
2
1
 
 
3
1914
 
2
2
 
 
4
1922
 
3
3
 
 
6
1930
 
3
4
 
 
7
1935
 
3
6
 
 
9
1938
 
4
7
 
 
11
1940
 
4
8
 
 
12
1946
 
5
8
 
 
13
1949
 
7
10
 
 
17
1954
 
7
11
 
 
18
1961
 
9
13
 
 
22
1966
 
9
2
13
3
27
1970
 
11
5
16
3
35
1978
 
12
7
17
6
42
1979
13*
7
17
6
43
1984
 
13
7
22
6
48
1988
12
7
22
6
47
1990
 
14
8
27
7
56
1999
 
15
8
27
7
57
2002
15
13
28
7
63
2003
14
13
28
7
62
2004
14
13
28
6
61
2011
15
13
28
6
62

*Temporary judgeship authorized by 71 Stat. 586, which provided for the appointment of an additional judge when a sitting judge was certified as disabled.

 

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