How Cases Move Through Federal Courts
Right to appeal
The losing party in a federal civil case has a right to appeal the case to the U.S. court of appeals, that is, ask the court of appeals to review the case to determine whether the trial was conducted properly. The grounds for appeal usually are that the district judge is said to have made an error, either in procedure (admitting improper evidence, for example) or in interpreting the law. The government may appeal in civil cases, as any other party may. Neither party may appeal if there was no trial--that is, if the parties settled their civil case out of court.
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